Greece is the typical example of a South European state that has gradually evolved from a migrant-exporting to a migrant-receiving country. After having supplied working hands to European countries (e.g. Germany, Belgium and Sweden), but also countries overseas (e.g. USA, Canada and Australia), it started initially receiving returning Greek migrants and later migrants from Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia (Triantafyllidou & Kouki, 2012).
These population shifts gradually led to major national and cultural diversity and transformed the Greek society into a multicultural one (Baldwin-Edwards, 2004). However in reality, linguistic and cultural diversity was present in Greece even before the return of the migrants, due to the various ethnic minorities. The Muslim minority in Thrace, but also the Romani people are the two most distinct cases of diversity from the dominant cultural paradigm.
Thomas Babalis, Panagiotis Maniatis