The purpose of the present research is to explore aspects of the national identity of the Greek students of the North Aegean, in relation to its two components, that is, “exploration” and “engagement”, and to attempt to understand its formation through the inter- action of the person with his/her social and school environment. The sample consisted of 415 students, of whom 145 (34.94%) came from the first grade of Junior High School, 132 (31.81%) from the second grade and 138 (33.25%) from the third grade of Junior High School.
In terms of sex, 203 (48.9%) boys and 212 (51.1%) girls participated. Phinney's questionnaire (1992) was used as the basis of the present investigation, which was formed appropriately for the requirements of our research. Findings show that: a) Greek students are not a homogeneous group in terms of the form of ethnic identity they have, b) most of the students, regardless of the identity form they are in, trust individuals from their home group and c) social institutions, such as family, school and friends, contribute to the formation of ethnic identity, with the family playing dominant role.
Panagiotis Giavrimis, Theodoros G. Eleftherakis