The number of foreigners in Japan has increased since the 1980s. This is primarily because of the influx of “newcomers,” immigrants who arrived in Japan from that period onward. On the other hand, “old comers” or “old residents” refers to descendants of foreigners who arrived from Japan’s former colonies of Korea and Taiwan.
The increasing number of newcomers has given rise to problems concerning the education of their children in Japan. Especially, the large number of Brazilians has significantly affected centers of education. Consequently, the current situation is testing the limits of the Japanese educational system, which was introduced and has been maintained since 1872 in the Meiji era.
This paper examines the history of the relationship between the Japanese educational system and the education of foreigners. In addition, it discusses the current issues and requirements related to the education of foreigners’ children.