Questionnaire data from a cross-sectional study collected in 2014 of 7.464 undergraduate students from ten countries (Austria, Canada, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Russia, Switzerland, and Ukraine) in 16 universities were used to explore the prediction of hostility against Muslims following Sidanius’ & Pratto’s dominance theory (2003; 2009)
This presentation proposal focusses on experiences, expectations, and engagement of students in everyday life towards establishing and supporting democratic norms and values. Based on analysis of power dynamics in established-outsider relations, we identify social prejudice of universities students as an expression of social control mechanisms. Following intersectionality theory, we ask about the mixed socio-demographical characteristics, experiences, expectations, and engagement of different student’s groups towards defending and aiming at an inclusive society. The project asks about pathways towards an open society for a heterogeneous population. The aim is to identify insights into political-resilience despite authoritarian tides of different student groups, and by doing that identifying the specific way of how change in order to achieve a political inclusive society can happen.
By structural-equation models combined with multilevel analyzes we were able to identify the normalized but still pathogenic socialization pathways towards hostility against Muslims. Dominance-orientation, xenophobia, genderstereotypes and homophobia were used as predictors of hostility against Muslims. The model prediction strength is 60.4% and works for both female and male students and all countries. Following Scotson’s and Elias’ analyzes of power relationships (1965/1994)we identify not just social prejudices but in specifically the normalization of students’ enmity as a multifactorial complex intended to underline the inferiority of Muslims as constructed outsiders by portraying them pro toto as problematic.