This paper attempts to study the blurring distinction between TVET and academic Higher Education (HE) and the prerequisites to create stronger ties between these sectors by improving the chances of permeability and facilitating learning pathways.
Despite significant economic and social progress until date, high youth unemployment, social disparities and environmental degradations create challenges for all countries, which require the transformation of TVET through appropriate conceptualizations in the design of qualifications and their articulation within education and between education and the world of work. To address these economic, societal and personal developments and changes appropriately TVET graduates will have to acquire prospectively a holistic competence, whether this is related to work, education, citizenship or personal issues and which is expected to adapt to complex and unpredictable conditions. The authors assume that a consequently implemented shift to competence oriented learning outcomes, addressing both theoretical and practicable occupational requirements in the development of programmes and qualifications, will make the capability to act in TVET, across the education and training systems and the labour markets more explicit.
Shyamal Majumdar & Volker Rein