New modes of governance have increased both the importance and the activity of education and training in the lifelong learning perspective in EU Member States. The Open Method of Coordination: (OMC) is a model of multilevel governance which contributes as a policy making process in the transnational coordination at the EU supranational governance level and influences national policy priorities and agendas in the education and training policy area.
It requires EU Member States’ coordination and cooperation across vertical and horizontal governance levels. The vertical dimension refers to the links between the higher and lower levels of government (supranational, national, regional, local), including the institutional, financial, and informational aspects. The horizontal dimension refers to cooperation arrangements between political actors and society in the context of social dialogue.
J. Manuel Galvin Arribas